Here are my most important journal publications sorted under the eight topics listed below. Some articles naturally fit into more than one category but are listed only under the most suitable. Either click on your topic of interest for a more thorough introduction to the field or just scroll down. For a full list see my CV.
Highlighted article: “The Social Cost of Methane”
This article deals with the most important climate-forcing gases outside of carbon dioxide: Methane (and dinitrous oxide). Methane accounts for close to half a degree of warming and is – molecule by molecule – much more potent as a climate forcer but there are smaller amounts, and they do not stay in the atmosphere more than a few decades since they get oxidized. The comparison between methane and carbon dioxide is thus very complicated and their relative importance is usually measured by the global warming potential but we show that in fact matters are more complex and depend on the damage function, the scenario, the discount rate and other factors!
Highlighted article: “Refunding Emission Payments: Output-Based versus Expenditure-Based Refunding”
Refunding a useful sidekick to environmental taxation?
Nowadays there is much resistance to environmental taxation (like carbon taxes). Some of this is based on a desire not to give money to the state because of practical, distritutional, pragmatic or ideological reasons. One potential solution is to earmark or refund the tax revenues. Scandinavia has some interesting schemes for industrial pollutants (NOX) that we have analyzed.
This paper systematically analyses different kinds of tax refunding to industries. Refunding in proportion to output (which Sweden has for NOx) or in proportion to Abatement investments – which Norway has.
The former makes a very high pollution tax politically feasible. The latter actually makes a really low pollution tax very effective by using refunds to subsidize abatement. In effect it becomes a combined tax and subsidy.
(If you are wondering which is better — it turns out to be a bit complex so read the paper..…)
Hagem, C., Hoel, M., & Sterner, T. (2020). “Refunding Emission Payments: Output-Based versus Expenditure-Based Refunding”. Environmental and Resource Economics, 1-27.
- Design of Environmental Policy Instruments
- Fisheries, Ecosystems, Wildlife and other Natural Resource Management
- Waste Management and Chemicals
- Stated Preference and Environmental Opinion
- Development, Resources and Environment
- Energy Economics and Policy (Early articles on gasoline pricing and demand!)
- Climate Policy
Articles by topic.
- Johansson-Stenman, O., and Sterner, T. (2015). “Discounting and Relative Consumption” , Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, vol. 71, pp. 19-33.
- Arrow,K., M L. Cropper, C Gollier, B Groom, G M. Heal, R G. Newell, W D. Nordhaus, R S. Pindyck, W A. Pizer, P Portney, T Sterner, R Tol and M,L. Weitzman (2014). “Should Governments Use a Declining Discount Rate in Project Analysis?“ Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol 8, no. 2, pp. 145–163 doi:10.1093/reep/reu008. Arrow et al (2014). Editor’s Choice.
- Arrow,K., M L. Cropper, C Gollier, B Groom, G M. Heal, R G. Newell, W D. Nordhaus, R S. Pindyck, W A. Pizer, P Portney, T Sterner, R Tol and M,L. Weitzman (2013). “Determining Benefits and Costs for Future Generations“, Science, vol. 341, no. 6144
- Sterner, T. and E Kyriakopoulou, (2012). “Discounting: Unbalanced Growth, Uncertainty, and Spatial Considerations”, The Annual Review of Resource Economics, vol. 4, pp. 285-301
- Sterner, T and M. Persson. (2008). “An Even Sterner Review”: Introducing Relative Prices into the Discounting Debate, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol 2, no. 1. pp. 61-76.
- Sterner, T . (2009). “In defence of sensible economics”, in Solow,R. & Touffut eds, Changing Climate, Changing Economy, Cournot Centre for Economic Studies, Edward Elgar. Click to see a video in French from the presentation at the Centre Cournot of the chapter “In Defence of Sensible Economics” December 2008
- Hoel, M. and T. Sterner (2007). “Discounting and relative prices”, Climatic Change, vol. 84, PP 265-280)
- Azar, C. and T. Sterner (1996). “Discounting and distributional considerations in the context of Global Warming”, Ecological Economics, Vol.19, no.2, pp 169-184.
- Sterner, T. (1994) “Discounting in a World of Limited Growth“, Environmental and Resource Economics, vol. 4, pp 527-534.
Design of Environmental Policy Instruments
- Camuzeaux, J., T. Sterner and G. Wagner. (2020).” INDIA IN THE COMING ‘CLIMATE G2’?“, National Institute Economic Review, 251, R3-R12.
- Criqui, P., M Jaccard and T. Sterner. (2019). “Carbon Taxation: Tale of Three Countries”, Sustainability, vol. 11, no. 22, p. 6280
- Slunge, D., T. Sterner and W. Adamowicz. (2019).
“Valuation When Baselines Are Changing: Tick-borne Disease Risk and Recreational Choice“, Resource and Energy Economics, vol. 58.
- Sterner, T., E. B. Barbier, I. Bateman, I. van den Bijgaart, A-S. Crépin, O. Edenhofer, C. Fischer, W. Habla, J. Hassler, O. Johansson-Stenman, A. Lange, S. Polasky, J. Rockström, H. G. Smith, W. Steffen, G. Wagner, J. E. Wilen, F. Alpízar, C. Azar, D. Carless, C. Chávez, J. Coria, G. Engström, S. C. Jagers, G. Köhlin, Å. Löfgren, H. Pleijel and A. Robinson. (2019). “Policy design for the Anthropocene”, Nature Sustainability, vol. 2, pp. 14-21.
- Meckling, J., Sterner, T., and Wagner, G. (2017). “Policy sequencing toward decarbonization“. Nature Energy, vol. 2, no. 12, p.918.
- Bonilla, J., J. Coria and T. Sterner. (2017). “Technical Synergies and Trade-Offs Between Abatement of Global and Local Air Pollution”. Environmental and Resource Economics, vol. 70, no 1, pp. 191-221 .
- Jensen S., K. Mohlin, K. Pittel and T. Sterner. (2015). The green paradox: a brief introduction to Climate policy and intertemporal emissions leakage. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 246-265. DOI: 10.1093/reep/rev010
- Bonilla, J., J. Coria, K. Mohlin and T. Sterner. (2015). “Refunded Emission Payments and Diffusion of NOx Abatement Technologies in Sweden”, Ecological Economics, vol. 116, pp. 132-145.
- Sterner, T. and A. Müller (2008). “Output and Abatement Effects of Allocation Readjustment in Permit Trade”, Climatic Change, vol. 86, pp. 33-49.
- Bluffstone, R. and T. Sterner. (2006). “Explaining Environmental Management in Central and Eastern Europe”, Comparative Economic Studies, Vol. 48, No. 4. pp. 619-640.
- Sterner, T. and L. H. Isaksson. (2006). “Refunded emission payments theory, distribution of costs, and Swedish experience of NOx abatement”, Ecological Economics, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp 93-106.
- Kathuria, V. and T. Sterner. (2006) ‘Monitoring and Enforcement: Is Two-Tier Regulation Robust?’ Ecological Economics, Vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 477-93.
- Fredriksson, P. G. and T. Sterner (2005). “The Political Economy of Refunded Emission Payments”, Economic Letters, Vol. 87, No.1, pp 113-119.
- Hammar, H., Å. Löfgren and T. Sterner. (2004). “Political Economy Obstacles to Fuel Taxation”, Energy Journal, ISSN0195-6574, Vol. 25, no. 3, pp 1-17.
- Torén, K. J. and T. Sterner. (2003).”How to Promote Prevention – Economics Incentives, Legal Regulations or Both?” Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Vol. 29(3) pp 239-245.
- G. Köhlin and T. Sterner (2003). “Environmental Taxes in Europe“, Public Finance and Management, vol. 3, no.1, pp 117-42, ISSN Number 1523-9721,
- T. Sterner and V. Kathuria. (2002). “Monitoring and Enforcement: Is Two-Tier Regulation Robust?”, Ecological Economics,
- Holmåker, K. and T. Sterner (1999). “Growth or Environmental Concern: Which Comes First? Optimal Control with Pure Stock Pollutants“’, Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Vol. 2, No 3, pp 167-185.
Fisheries, Ecosystems, Wildlife and other Natural Resource Management
- Ekbom, A., Brown, G., & Sterner, T. (2018). “Muddy waters: economic analysis of soil erosion and downstream externalities”. Ghanaian Journal of Economics, vol. 6, no 1, pp. 74-107.
- Ekbom, A, Y. Alem and T. Sterner, (2013). “Integrating soil science into agricultural production frontiers”, Environment and Development Economics, vol 18, pp. 291-308
- E Kateregga and T Sterner, (2012). “Production Functions for Nile Perch and Tilapia Fisheries: A case study of Uganda’s Section of Lake Victoria”, Crown Journal of Agriculture, Vol 1, no. 1, pp 01-12, Jan.
- Carpenter, SR, K J. Arrow, S. Barrett, R. Biggs, W A. Brock, A. Crépin, G. Engström, C. Folke, T. P. Hughes, N. Kautsky, C-Z Li, G. McCarney, K. Meng, K-G. Mäler, S. Polasky, M. Scheffer, J. Shogren, T. Sterner, J R. Vincent, B. Walker, A. Xepapadeas, A. de Zeeuw. (2012). “General Resilience to Cope with Extreme Events”, Sustainability, vol 4, no 12, pp. 3248-3259
- Fisher, B., S. Polasky and T. Sterner, (2011). “Conservation and Human Welfare: Economic Analysis of Ecosystem Services“, Environmental and Resource Economics, vol. 48, pp. 151-159. DOI 10.1007/s10640-010-9415-0
- Fischer, F., Muchapondwa, E. and Sterner, T. (2011). “A Bio-Economic Model of Community Incentives for Wildlife Management Under CAMPFIRE“, Environmental and Resource Economics , vol. 48, pp. 303-319, DOI 10.1007/s10640-010-9409-y
- Svedäng H., J. Stål , T. Sterner, and M. Cardinale, (2010). “Consequences of subpopulation structure on fisheries management: cod (Gadus morhua) in the Kattegat and Öresund (North Sea)“, Reviews in Fisheries Science, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 139-150
- Sterner, T. (2007). “Unobserved Diversity, Depletion and Irreversibility The importance of subpopulations for Management of cod stocks“ Ecological Economics, vol. 61, no. 2-3, pp. 566-574.
- Kateregga, E. and T. Sterner (2007). “Indicators for an invasive species: Water Hyacinths in Lake Victoria”, Ecological Indicators, 7(2) 362-370.
- Sterner, T., M. Troell, J. Vincent, S. Aniyar, S. Barrett, W. Brock, S. Carpenter, K. Chopra, P. Ehrlich, M. Hoel, S. Levin, K-G Mäler, J. Norberg, L. Pihl, T. Söderqvist, J. Wilen and A. Xepapadeas (2006). “Quick fixes for environmental problems: part of the solution, or part of the problem?” Environment, vol. 49, no. 10, pp 19-27.
- Sterner, T. and H. Svedäng. (2005). “A Net Loss: Policy instruments for commercial fishing with focus on cod in Sweden”, Ambio, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp 84-90.
- Arrow, K., G. Daily, P. Dasgupta, S. Levin, K-G Mäler, E. Maskin, D. Starrett, T. Sterner and T. Tietenberg. (2000). “Managing Ecosystem Resources”, Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 34, pp 1401-1406.
- Sterner, T. and J. Andersson. (1998). “Private Protection of the Marine Environment, Tanzania, a case study”, Ambio, Vol. XXVII Number 8, pp 768-771.
Waste Management and Chemicals
- Sterner, T., Turnheim, B. (2009). “Innovation and diffusion of Environmental Technology: Industrial NOX abatement in Sweden under Refunded Emission Payments“, Ecological Economics
- Slunge, D. and T. Sterner. (2001). “Implementation of Policy Instruments for Chlorinated Solvents”, European Environment, vol. 11, no. 5, pp 281-296, ISSN 0961-0405.
- Bartelings, H. and T. Sterner (1999).“Household Waste Management in a Swedish Municipality“, Environmental and Resource Economics, Vol.13, no. 4, pp. 473-491.
- Löfgren, Å., Martinsson, M. Hennlock, T Sterner. (2012). “Are experienced people affected by a pre-set default option—Results from a field experiment”, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 66-72.
Stated Preference and Environmental Opinion
- Rasmussen, J., Ewald, J., & Sterner, T. (2020). Gender and life-stage dependent reactions to the risk of radioactive contamination: A survey experiment in Sweden, PLoS One, forthcoming.
- Carlsson F, M. Kataria, A. Krupnick, E. Lampi, Å. Löfgren, P. Qin, T. Sterner, (2013). “The Truth, the Whole Truth, and Nothing but the Truth – A Multiple Country Test of an Oath Script,” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, vol 89, pp. 105–121
- Carlsson F, M. Kataria, A. Krupnick, E. Lampi, Å. Löfgren, P. Qin, T. Sterner, (2013). “A Fair Share: Burden-Sharing Preferences in the United States and China” Resource and Energy Economics, vol. 35, pp. 1-17.
- Carlsson, F., Kataria, M., Krupnick, A., Lampi, E., Löfgren, Å., Qin, P., Chung, S. and Sterner, T. (2011). “Paying for Mitigation: A Multiple Country Study”. Land Economics, Vol 88, No.2, pp 326-340.
- Carlsson F., Kataria M., Lampi E., Löfgren Å., Sterner T. (2011). “Is fairness blind? – The effect of framing on preferences for effort-sharing rules“, Ecological Economics, vol. 70, pp. 1529-1535
- Carlsson, F., Löfgren, Å. and Sterner, T. (2011) “Discrimination in Scientific Review: A natural field experiment on blind versus non-blind review”, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, vol. 114, no. 2, pp. 500–519
- Katz, K. and T. Sterner (1990). “The Value of Clean Air” Energy Studies Review, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp 39-47.
Development, Resources and Environment
- Sterner, T. (2014). “Mission started – but far from accomplished”, Environment and Development Economics, vol. 19, no. 3, pp 295-297.
- Thomas Sterner, Yonas Alem, Francisco Alpízar, Cyndi Spindell Berck, Carlos Alberto Chavez Rebolledo, Johane Dikgang, Stephen Kirama, Gunnar Köhlin, Jane Mariara-Kabubo, Alemu Mekonnen and Jintao Xu. (2014). “The Environment for Development Initiative: lessons learned in research, academic capacity building and policy intervention to manage resources for sustainable growth”, Environment and Development Economics, vol. 19, pp 367-391.
- Motel, P., A. Minu and T. Sterner (2014). “Explorations in the environment-development dilemma”, Environmental and Resource Economics, vol. 57, pp. 479-485
- Coria, J and Sterner, T (2011). “Natural resource management: Challenges and policy options”, Annual Review Resource Economics, vol. 3, no 1, pp. 203-230
- Sterner, T., and D Slunge. (2009). “Environmental Fiscal Reform in East and Southern Africa and its Effects on Income Distribution”, in Environmental Taxes And Fiscal Reform edited by Laura Castellucci and Anil Markandya, Rivista di Politica Economica, VII-IX: July-sept.
- Coria, J., Löfgren, Å. and Sterner, T. (2010). “To Trade or Not to Trade: An Analysis of Trading Schemes at the Firm Level“, Journal of Environmental Management, vol 91, pp 2126-2133
- Coria, J. and Sterner, T. (2010) “Tradable Permits in Developing Countries: Evidence From Air Pollution in Chile”, The Journal of Environment & Development, vol. 19, no 2, pp. 145–170.
- Garcia, J H., R Bluffstone, T Sterner (2009. “Corporate Environmental Management in Transition Economies: The Case of Central and Eastern Europe”, Czech Journal of Economics and Finance, vol. 59, no. 5, pp. 410-425.
- Kateregga, E. and Sterner, T. (2009). “Lake Victoria Fish Stocks and the Effects of Water Hyacinth” Journal of Environment and Development, March, Vol 18:1 pp 62-78.
- J. H. Garcia, S. Afsah and T. Sterner, (2009). “Which Firms are More Sensitive to Public Disclosure Schemes for Pollution Control? Evidence from Indonesia’s PROPER Program“, Environmental Resource Economics, vol. 42, no. 2, p.151
- Garcia, J., T Sterner and S Afsah, (2007). “Public Disclosure of Industrial Pollution” The PROPER approach for Indonesia” Environmental and Development Economics, Vol 12, no 6, pp. 733-756.
- T. Sterner. (1989). “Factor Demand and Substitution in a Developing Country: Energy use in Mexican Manufacturing”, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 91, No. 4, pp 723-739
Energy Economics and Policy (Early articles on gasoline pricing and demand!)
- T. Sterner, L. Flood, N. Islam. (2010). ” Are demand elasticities affected by politically determined tax levels? Simultaneous estimates of gasoline demand and price”, Applied Economics Letters, vol. 17, no. 4, pp 325-328
- Rogat, J. and T. Sterner. (1998). “The determinants of gasoline demand in some Latin American countries” International Journal of Global Energy Issues, vol.11, No. 1-4, pp. 162-170.
- Sterner, T., C. Dahl and M. Franzén. (1992). “Gasoline Tax Policy, Carbon Emissions and the Environment” Journal of Transport and Economic Policy, Vol. 26, pp 109-119. Also reprinted in Yoshitsugu Hayashi, Kennet Button and Peter Nijkamp eds The Environment and Transport, Edward Elgar.
- Sterner, T. (1991) “Gasoline demand in the OECD: Choice of model and data set in pooled estimations”, Opec Review, Vol. XV No. 2, pp 91-101.
- Dahl, C. and T. Sterner. (1991). “Analyzing Gasoline Demand Elasticities”, Energy Economics, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp 203-210.
- Dahl, C. and T. Sterner (1991). “A Survey of Econometric Gasoline Demand Elasticities”, International Journal of Energy Systems, Vol. 11, No 2, pp 53-76.
- Sterner, T. (1990). “Ownership, technology, and efficiency: An empirical study of cooperatives, multinationals, and domestic enterprises in the Mexican cement industry”, Journal of Comparative Economics, Vol. 14, pp 286-300.
- Katz, K. and T. Sterner (1990). The Value of Clean Air”, Energy Studies Review, Vol. 2 No. 1, pp 39-47.
- Sterner, T. (1989). “Les Prix de l’energie en Afrique”, Revue de l’Energie, No 415.
- Sterner, T. (1989). “Factor Demand and Substitution in a Developing Country: Energy use in Mexican Manufacturing’, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 91, No. 4, pp 723-739.
- Hagem, C., Hoel, M., & Sterner, T. (2020). “Refunding Emission Payments: OutputBased versus Expenditure-Based Refunding”. Environmental and Resource Economics, 1-27.
- Mukanjari, S., Sterner, T. (2020). “Charting a “Green Path” for Recovery from COVID-19“. Environmental and Resource Economics.
- Hänsel, M.C., Drupp, M.A., Johansson, D.J.A. et al. (2020) “Climate economics support for the UN climate targets“. Nat. Clim. Chang.
- Damon, M., Cole, D. H., Ostrom, E., and Sterner, T. (2019). “Grandfathering: Environmental Uses and Impacts”, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 23–42,
- Larsson, J., Elofsson, A., Sterner, T., & Åkerman, J. (2019). “International and national climate policies for aviation: a review”. Climate Policy, vol 19, no 6, pp. 787-799
- Sterner, T. (2018), ”Fiscal measures when climate negotiations are not feasible”, Ecology, Economy and Society, vol 1, no 1;
- Revesz, R., M. Greenstone, M. Hanemann, J. Schwartz and T. Sterner. (2017). “Best cost estimate of greenhouse gases”, Science, vol 357, no. 6352, pp 655.
- Howard, P. and T. Sterner. (2017).“Few and not so far between – A meta-analysis of climate damage estimates”. Environmental and Resource Economics, vol 68, pp. 197-225.
- Revesz, R. L., J. A. Schwartz, P. H. Howard, K. Arrow, M. A. Livermore, M. Oppenheimer and T. Sterner. (2017). “Letter – The Social Cost of Carbon: A Global Imperative”. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol 11, no. 1, pp 172-173.
- Sterner, T. (2015). Higher costs of climate change. Nature, vol. 527, pp. 177-178. DOI:10.1038/nature15643
- Sterner, T. (2015). Beyond IPCC, Research for Paris 2015 and Beyond. Environmental and Resource Economics, vol 62, no 2, pp 207-215.
- Sterner, T. and G. Köhlin. (2015). “Pricing carbon: The challenges” in Barrett S., C. Carraro and J. de Melo “Towards a Workable and Effective Climate Regime”, CEPR Press, London.
- Wagner, G, T Kåberger, S Olai, M Oppenheimer, K Rittenhouse and T Sterner. (2015). Push Renewables to spur carbon pricing. Nature, vol 525, pp. 27-29 DOI:10.1038/525027a
- Camuzeaux, J., R. Alvarez, S Brooks, J Browne, T. Sterner. (2015). “Influence of Methane Emissions and Vehicle Efficiency on the Climate Implications of Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Trucks”, Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 6402-6410.
- Green, J., T Sterner and G Wagner. (2014). “A balance of ‘bottom-up’ and ‘top-down’ in linking climate policies”, Nature Climate Change, Vol 4, pp 1064-1067.
- R L. Revesz, P H. Howard, K. Arrow, L H. Goulder, R E. Kopp, M A. Livermore, M. Oppenheimer and T Sterner. (2014). Global warming: Improve economic models of climate change, Nature, vol 508, pp. 173–175 doi:10.1038/508173a
- Hammar, H. , T Sterner and S Åkerfeldt, ”Sweden’s CO2 tax and taxation reform experiences”, in R Genevey, R Pachauri & L Tubiana (eds), Reducing Inequalities: A Sustainable Development Challenge., TERI Press, New Delhi, and in French, Genevey, R., Pachauri, R., Tubiana, L (eds) Regards sur la terre 2013 – Réduire les inégalités : un enjeu de développement durable, Armand Colin, Paris, Mars 2013
- Damon, M and T Sterner. (2012). “Policy Instruments for Sustainable Development at Rio 20”, The Journal of Environment and Development, Vol 21, no. 2, 143-151, Introduction to Special Issue edited by Damon and Sterner.
- Fischer, C & T Sterner. (2011). “Climate Policy, Uncertainty, and the Role of Technological Innovation”, Journal of Public Economic Theory, Vol 14, Iss 2, pp. 285–309
- Sterner, T. and M. Damon (2011) “Green Growth in the Post-Copenhagen Climate Energy Policy”, Energy Policy, vol 39, no. 11, pp. 7165-7173
- Sterner, T .(2011). “Engagements volontaires et croissance verte dans l’ère d’après Copenhague (Voluntary Pledges and Green Growth in the Post-Copenhagen Climate”, Revue d’Economie du Développement, vol 25, pp. 115-151.
- Wei, J., Johansson, D., Hennlock, M., Sterner, T. (2012). “The Fossil Endgame: Strategic Oil Price Discrimination and Carbon Taxation”, Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 48-69
- Fischer, C., Torvanger, A., Shrivastava, M. K., Sterner, T., Stigson, P., (2012). “How should support for Climate-friendly Technologies be designed?”, Ambio, vol. 41, pp. 33-45.
- Sterner, T. (2012). “Distributional effects of taxing transport fuel” Energy Policy, vol41, pp. 75-83.
- Zetterberg, L., Wråke, M., Sterner, T., Fischer, C., Burtraw, D. (2012). “Short-Run Allocation of Emissions Allowances and Long-Term Goals for Climate Policy”, Ambio, vol 41, pp. 23-32.
- Mendelsohn R, T Sterner, M Persson and J P Weyant, “Comments on Simon Dietz and Nicholas Stern’s Why Economic Analysis Supports Strong Action on Climate Change: A Response to the Stern Review’s Critics”, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy Vol 2:2 pp 309-313,DOI 10.1093/reep/ren012
- Sterner, T, (2007). “Fuel Taxes: An important instrument for climate policy” Energy Policy, Vol. 35, no. 6, pp 3194-3202.